Its the capital city of Kerala. Thiruvananthapuram was known as Trivandrum till 1991. The Kerala government in 1991 officially reinstated its original name – Thiruvananthapuram. Located at the southwestern tip of India, Thiruvananthapuram district is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west and Tamil Nadu on the east. With its 78 km coastline, internationally renowned beaches, historic monuments, backwater stretches and a rich cultural heritage, Thiruvananthapuram district is a much sought after tourist destination in Kerala.
Earlier known as Quilon during British rule, was a famous port and trade center of ancient times and was frequently visited by Arabs, Greeks, Romans and Chinese for spices and other produces. Kollam district has some interesting historic remnants and a number of temples built in the traditional ornate architectural style. Today Kollam is the center of the cashew trading industry. Almost 30% of the district is covered by the Asthamudi Lake.
With its vast network of lakes, lagoons and fresh water lakes and crisscrossing rivers, Alappuzha is a district of immense natural beauty. Alappuzha is referred to as the ‘Venice of the East’. Alappuzha is also famous for its boat races, houseboat holidays, beaches, marine products and coir industry. Lower areas of the district, known as Kuttanad, is one of the few places in the world where farming is done below sea level.
More than fifty per cent of the total area of this district is covered by forests. Pathanamthitta is one of the most important pilgrim centers in Kerala and there are many Temples and Churchs. Maramon, the place where the world famous Maramon convention is conducted, is in this district. Sabarimala,located at an altitude of 3790 feet, is one of the most famous pilgrim centers in India. The world famous Aranmula mirrors comes from this district. The elephant-training center at Konni is also another attraction of the district.
With a literacy rate of over 95%, Kottayam boasts of being the literary capital of Kerala. Kottayam is the land of letters, latex and lakes. There are also many artistically and historically important temples and churches here like the Thirunakkara temple, Ettumanoor temple, Manarcad Church etc.